The DeVille started out as a trim level until it turned into a GM Cadillac model. The first vehicle to have this name was the 1949 Coupe de Ville, a trim level for the Series 62 luxury coupe. The last Cadillac model to use Deville was a full-size sedan, the 2005 Cadillac DeVille. At the time of its release, it was hailed as the largest car in the Cadillac model lineup.
1950s: The birth of the Series 62 Sedan de Ville
It was in 1956 when the Series 62 Coupe de Ville joined the lineup along with the Series 62 Coupe de Ville. The Sedan de Ville was the first 4-door hardtop in standard production. It was sold at a higher price since it was more luxurious than the standard 4-door Series 62. The Series 62 Sedan de Ville outsold the Series 62 Sedan and eventually had its own series in 1959, along with the Coupe de Ville.
1960s: The smoother Cadillac
The 1960 Cadillacs were known for their smoother style--they had a full-width grille. DeVilles were specially designed with script nameplates on rear fenders. During this time, four-window and six-window hardtop sedans were launched. In 1961, the Cadillac was restyled and re-engineered, featuring a series of enhancements inside and out, from the new grille to power brakes. It also came out with a short-decked four-door Town Sedan with a hardtop. Eventually, this Town Sedan was transferred from the DeVille series to the Series 6200. In 1965, the DeVille series was again redesigned. As the 6-window hardtop sedans were later discontinued, the DeVille series welcomed pillared sedans in its lineup until these were dropped for the 1970 model year.
1970s: Redesigns of the DeVille series
The DeVille again had a redesign in 1971. There were several style changes done for 1975. The Sedan de Ville came with a slim triangular quarter windows. Among the standard equipment were the front fender lamp monitors, high-energy ignition, power door locks, and steel-belted radial tires. A 210 hp 500 V8 also became the standard engine, while electronic fuel injection became an option. In 1977, Cadillac marked its 75th anniversary. Along with this came the downsized De Ville sedans. Several options and packages were introduced throughout the '70s.
1980s: A refreshed DeVille series
In the 1980s, the DeVille sedan got body-color door frames. Some engine upgrades were introduced in 1981. For 1983, a slight rework under the hood resulted in additional 10 hp. In 1989, major redesigns were done. Sedans were given longer wheelbase and received other cosmetic lifts and performance upgrades. Various options and packages were made available for sedans throughout the '80s.
1990s: More elegant trims, highlights, and facelifts
The Touring Sedan made a comeback in 1992. This vehicle was designed after the Sedan de Ville, with a sportier feel to it. For 1997, the DeVille had a facelift. It also introduced a more elegant trim line known as the d'Elegance. New headlights were used along with a new grille. The rear wheel skirts were dropped, while the interior was redesigned. From Sedan de Ville, the name was shortened to DeVille.
2000s: Major redesigns
Major redesign was done for the 2000 DeVille model. The Cadillac DeVille had a completely redesigned, more aerodynamic exterior. The look also changed into something sportier but also more elegant. The 2000 DeVille also offered LED tail lamps. The interior was revamped, while new trims and packages came out. The DeVille ceased its production in 2005. The nameplate was replaced by Cadillac DTS in 2006.