Ferrari has ranked among the best in the world and has made a good name for itself in the racing circuit. This Italian automaker is behind some of the best designs in the world of sports cars. One of its most iconic models is the 308 GTB/GTS. The Ferrari 308 GTB, a replacement to the Dino 246, was one of the mid-engined sports cars that reigned between the mid-70s and mid-80s. The 308 made its debut at the Paris Motor Show in 1975. The sports car, which came out in a Pininfarina style, was a design work by Leonardo Fioravanti who was behind some of the most iconic shapes of Ferarris such as the Berlinetta Boxer, Dino, and Daytona. The shape of this car was a stark contrast to that of the GT4 2+2, which was more angular. The GTB/GTS was designed with redefined curves and lines. With these style elements, it became one of Ferrari's most popular creations at that time.
1970s: 308 GTB/GTS
The Ferrari 308 GTB was unveiled in 1975. Its style elements, overall design, and iconic shape made it one of the Italian automaker's finest works at that time. The targa-topped 308 GTS eventually came out in 1977. This model became even more recognizable in the TV series Magnum, P.I., which featured various cars for each season. The earlier 308 GTB had glass-reinforced plastic bodywork, which made it light. It also used an engine with dry-sump lubrication throughout the racing experience of Ferrari. Eventually, the 308's bodywork used steel, adding about 331 lbs. But even with a steel body, the GTB was only 26 lbs. heavier than a fiberglass body counterpart. While the steel-bodied 308 GTS had a wet-sump engine, the GTB stuck to dry sump lubrication through 1981.
From 1975 through 1985, about 12,004 units of the 308 were manufactured. The 308 models were well loved by Ferrari fans and sports car lovers. In the list of Top Sports Cars of the 1970s, the 308 was ranked fifth in 2004 by Sports Car International.
1980s: GTBi/GTSi and Quattrovalvole
For the 1980 308 GTBi and GTSi, the most significant addition would have to be the Bosch K-Jetronic mechanical fuel injection. While 308 models decreased power down to 214hp, they also dropped emissions. Two years after that, the 4-valve per cylinder Quattrovalvole (QV) came along. This model had power rated at 240 hp. Compared to the American model, the European version could generate more horsepower because it's light and had less restrictions. The European version, Ferrari 308 GTB QV and 308 GTS QV, were deemed more collectible. They were the fastest 308s, and they also had better styling. The 308 GTB/GTS Quattrovalvole was introduced at the 1982 Paris Salon, replacing the GTBi/GTSi 308 models. The Quattrovalvole model was equipped with four valves per cylinder heads. On the outside, they looked quite the same with just a few differences such as the use of a slim louvre panel in the front lid, revised radiator grille, and rectangular driving lights and side repeater lights. There were also some minor changes on the interior.