Fuji Heavy Industries (FHI), Subaru's parent company, has been manufacturing vehicles since 1932. However, the vehicles that FHI was producing in its earlier years weren't cars. Instead, it was building aircrafts for Japan during the Second World War. When the war ended, FHI knew that constructing aircrafts wouldn't be that profitable anymore so it shifted its business to manufacturing scooters. It didn't take long for the company to start producing cars after that. The Subaru division of FHI was formed in 1953 and released its first car, the Subaru 1500, a year after. The Subaru 1500 became the starting point of the company's pursuit for automotive excellence.
Even in its earlier years, Subaru has never been one to follow the norm; it has never been content with just selling cars. The company has always strived to be different; it has always wanted to give Subaru owners the best driving experience possible. Subaru took that philosophy to heart and manifested in the technology that it employed in its vehicles.
The Subaru Boxer
One of the innovations that the company is famous for is the Subaru Boxer engine. The Boxer engine's unique horizontally-opposed layout puts it directly in-line with the drivetrain, which allows the efficient transfer of power. Yes, there are engines that are capable of producing the kind of power that the Boxer engine generates. However, they wouldn't be able to do it without adding extra drivetrain components, which decreases overall efficiency.
Symmetrical All-Wheel Drive
Subaru certainly wasn't the first to offer four-wheel drive vehicles. That distinction goes to manufacturers of jeeps and pickups. Subaru was the first to introduce four-wheel drive cars though. In 1972, the company started developing its very own brand of 4WD technology. Subaru would later call this technology as the Symmetrical All-Wheel Drive System.
Again, 4WD technology isn't unique to Subaru, but the Symmetrical All-Wheel Drive System does bring something new to the table. With its symmetrical design, the system is able to provide superior control, balance, and traction. For that reason, the Symmetrical All-Wheel Drive System is widely regarded as the best of its kind.