How to Install a Ford Power Steering Pump
With your Ford's power-assisted steering, you won't have to wrestle with the steering wheel no more. The pump gives the needed hydraulic boost to the steering gear, so it would be much easier to turn and control the vehicle at the wheel. When the pump fails, the driving experience can be messed up. Suddenly, the vehicle will be difficult to steer. It doesn't follow your directions anymore-it seems to be stubborn with a mind of its own. Even parking takes a lot of strength and effort from you, with some accompanying noises. You topped off the fluid thinking that this will fix the trouble, but it turned out that there's a leak and the problem is a worn-out belt-driven pump. The pump can wear out due to the leak, contaminated or incorrect fluid, or years of use. You can save some money if you replace the busted Ford power steering pump by yourself. Here's a quick and simple guide:
Required skill level: Intermediate to Expert
Needed tools and materials
- New power steering pump
- New power steering hose/s
- New power steering pulley
- Power steering fluid
- Floor jack and jack stands
- Socket set
- Line wrenches
- Torque wrench
- Power steering pulley removal tool
- Siphon pump
- Drain pan
- Oil absorbent
- Penetrating spray
- Hand cleaner
Consult your vehicle manual to get acquainted with the vehicle's power steering system. Take note of the torque specs and other application-specific information. Before you take apart anything under the hood, make sure that the engine has cooled completely. It'll also help if you'll apply some penetrating spray on the nuts, bolts, or other connections and hardware to make them easier to remove. The vehicle should be raised using a jack and should be on the stands for support. Place some chocks behind the rear wheels. You can also disconnect the negative battery cable.
Removing the faulty power steering pump
Safely remove or disconnect parts that will get in the way of the power steering pump. After you've made enough clearance, drain the fluid from the reservoir. A siphon pump may be used, or you can just disconnect the feed and return lines to drain the fluid into the pan. The lines can be loosened or disconnected using a wrench, or a line wrench, in some cases. Break loose the lines from the pump. After this, you can undo the mounting bolts of the pump. Check the hoses and inspect other parts that may exhibit signs of wear or damage. You may have to replace some of them. On some cars, a socket is placed through the holes in the pulley to loosen the bolts.
Installing a new power steering pump
Install new hose/s and the pulley on the new pump. After this, you can now set the new pump in place. You may have to connect the feed and return hoses to the pump before securing it with the bolts. Make sure that the bolts are tightened according to torque specifications. You have to check if all the connections are right and if the system is free of leaks.
Put back the belts that you had to remove and make sure that the tension is adjusted properly. Also reinstall the other parts, such as the brackets and shields. The system can now be topped off with power steering fluid. Seal the reservoir with the lid.
You have to bleed the system to push air out while the front end of the vehicle is still raised off the ground. Run the engine and turn the steering wheel to the left and the right till it reaches the lock points. Check the fluid. Do this several times until all of the air has escaped. Bleeding requirements may vary per application, so you might as well check the manual.
Now, you can lower the vehicle and connect the negative battery cable. Take the vehicle for a test-drive.