Frequently Asked Questions Ask APW
Are bumper requirements for a Toyota 4Runner the same with those in other vehicles?
Answer: The federal bumper standard does not apply to all types of vehicles. Only passenger cars are required to meet the 2.5-mph collision test because these vehicles generally have the same height and operate on the same situations. On the other hand, all sport utility vehicles, pickups, and minivans are excluded because their height can vary depending on the make, model, and year. These vehicles also operate on harsher conditions, which are another reason why their impact requirements are difficult to regulate.
What factors should a Toyota 4Runner bumper meet in order to be compliant with the legal requirements of the government?
Answer: There is only one factor that a Toyota 4Runner bumper must meet in order to pass the government standard. The bumper must survive a 2.5-mile-per-hour collision without any significant damage to the components of the bumper. Aside from possible dents and scratches, there must be no damage to the body of the car, no parts must separate, all electronic and mechanical parts must operate properly, and no leaks to the various systems must be present.
What specific features should a Toyota 4Runner bumper have?
Answer: Bumper manufacturers ensure that their products meet or exceed the standard set by the government. In order to lessen impact on the bumper frame, crash-absorbing materials like fiber pads, high-impact plastic, or polypropylene foam are used. The reinforcement frame must be made from heavy-construction materials like fiberglass composite, steel, or aluminum. Moreover, this frame must be at a certain distance away from the vehicle's sheet metal. If the vehicle does not have a crush absorber, it must be equipped with bumper shocks, which are spring-loaded tubes that rebound during impact. Of course, the frame fasteners must also be of heavy construction, with large-diameter bores and coarse threads that improve security of the frame to the chassis.